Name: Esukuku Y. Erupe C 21651
Age: 14 Years
Area of Residence: Turkana East
Date: September 6th 2014
Taking Care of the Environment
My name is Esukuku Y. Erupe. I am in class 8. Thank you for the gift of bags that I can use to pack my clothes.
The Environment is anything that surrounds us. The environment is made up of the living and non-living things. It is good to take care of the environment because we can live in it. If our environment is good, we can become comfortable in our lives.
Taking care of the environment refers to keeping it clean from waste by recycling and reusing wastes like manilla papers and polyethylene bags. Dirty environment spreads diseases like cholera that can be dangerous in our daily lives. Pollution of the environment leads to reduction of normal life. We hope that many children can learn to be friendly to the environment and can enjoy good lives now and in the future.
Esukuku y Erupe
by Tim Smith
When the weather outside becomes frightful, don’t let your electric bill become shocking, too. Discover the many ways you can reduce your electricity use and save money on your energy bills, even during the hustle and bustle of the holidays. Regardless of the number of lights on your lawn, you can spend less for power during the season. Use the savings for spreading more holiday cheer to your friends and family.
Use Efficient Decorations
If you are still hanging incandescent Christmas lights, it may be time to upgrade. The next time you shop, select energy-efficient LED lights. Picking these lights could save you on your electric bill over the holidays, especially if you use several strings of lights and have them lit for several hours each day.
Bake More Often
Whether you prefer baking roasts or cookies, if you will be in the kitchen anyway, use the oven’s heat to help you to stay warm. Host a holiday baking party and turn down the thermostat on your heater. With your friends and family in the kitchen, their body heat and the heat of the oven will keep everyone toasty. At many parties, people naturally gravitate towards the kitchen’s warmth, and you will not need to persuade them too heavily to do the same at your next holiday event.
Check for Air Leaks
Hanging Christmas decorations outside is the perfect time to check your home’s doors and windows for drafts. Hold a candle on the inside of a window, and if the flame flickers, then there is a leak that needs to be sealed. Add weather stripping around leaky doors and windows to better insulate your home and keep it more comfortable during the holidays and throughout the year.
Dress Your Windows
During the holidays, seeing cheerily lit windows from the street on a snowy, dark evening may be heartening. But those windows with the curtains pulled back may allow cold to creep into the house. Install heavy curtains on all your windows and keep them open during the day to let in the sun’s warmth, but after sundown, close the curtains tightly to keep cold air from getting into your home. You may also consider putting a heavy blanket on top of your curtain rod to keep cold air from seeping around your curtains and into your home.
Keep an Unused Room
Seal off one or two rooms in your home that rarely get any use and do not heat them. This will make the rest of your home feel warmer and your central heat will not have to work as hard to maintain that comfortable temperature. For the holidays, store your presents in those unheated rooms before you get a chance to wrap them. Since the rooms will be cold, no one will want to venture into them to get a peek at their presents.
Don’t let the cold weather of the holidays make you fear a higher energy bill. You can still save on your electricity spending during the winter while having a jolly holiday with your friends and family.
The 2014 midterm election will take place on Tuesday, November 4th. Historically, midterm elections do not attract as many voters as presidential elections. However, there are many issues at stake, particularly on the state and local levels, that affect our daily lives, often more than national issues. Maybe you have decided not to vote in the midterm election, or perhaps, you think you have figured out how you are going to vote. Here are some observations and final thoughts, which may get you out to the polls or may make you ponder your choices further.
Green issues and sustainability are front and center.
Perhaps the most noticeable thing about these midterm campaigns is the emphasis on green issues and sustainability. Energy, the environment and climate control are front and center this election cycle. So this is a special election for proponents of green living and sustainability. Although supporters of the environment and healthy living have never required the validation by anyone or any organization, including major political parties or elected officials, to “do the right thing” to protect our planet, the fact that these issues now are central in the dialogue on government agenda, indicates a realization of the need to formally address concerns with pollution and depletion of natural resources. As such, we owe it to ourselves and the planet to get out and vote.
Additionally, it is important to note the cost of indifference at the ballot box. If you listen carefully, much of the conversation and debate on green issues is coming from special interest groups. Not all proposals are good for the environment overall. Some proposed legislation needs to be rejected. When evaluating these issues, do not rely on commercials– 30-second sound bites that do not tell the whole story. For instance, in campaigns that promise to cut taxes, one message does not fit all situations. Some things are worth paying for, namely education, clean water and good roads for starters.
Construction vs. Destruction.
Many people decide not to vote in midterm elections because the political climate often becomes so toxic, complete with name-calling, spreading false information and labeling, that voters become so frustrated with the process, they often disengage. Consider this instead. Rather than tuning out, get engaged. Look carefully at the issues involved. The important thing to take away from this conversation is that the goal of electing someone for a political office should never be about destruction of any laws or conditions solely for political purposes. Rather, it should be about building something for the improvement of society. Beware of messages from politicians that only want to tear down something with nothing better to replace it or those who are so heavily funded by special interest groups that they are unwilling to consider any collaborative efforts to address issues. For example, why can’t solar, electric and fossil fuel energy coexist with continuing research efforts to improve the efficiency of each type of energy?
Reject the restrictions of labels.
Peel back the labels. No one political party can totally address the issues at hand. Rather, collaboration will work better to get the job done. Identify the issues important to you as a citizen and vote for the candidate that you think will do the best job, regardless of party affiliation. Also, take a look at any independent candidates. You may be presently surprised to see people willing to commit to issues when they are not bound by party affiliations. It is often said that “past behavior is a good predictor of future behavior.” To that end, rather than listening to what any politician is saying to get elected, it may be best to check that individual’s record. A great source to review the voting record of any politician can be found here.
Don’t let the race be given autommatically to the rich.
Face it. We live in a time when the often the winners of political races are the ones with the most money. Everyday we hear about how much money a candidate has in his campaign chest. These individuals are able to bombard the airwaves with their messages and drown out the underfunded candidates, who often are more suitable people to represent the general population because they are not beholding to special interest groups. A major step in promoting sustainability and healthy living is to reject this mentality, beginning with the realization that these commercials and advertisements most often lack full and truthful disclosure. So many large companies tout sustainability but are abysmal failures at it, all in the name of the bottom line. It is important to research candidates to see who are backing them. Vote with a conscious and not just along money lines.
Keep state and local initiatives close to heart.
It is safe to say that we all want safe communities, good schools, clean and efficient transportation and green space for recreation and relaxation. Look to local and state initiatives to achieve these things, often through bond issues at the ballot box. Whether you or for or against the legalization of marijuana, expect that to show up now or sometime soon at an election. Perhaps there is a rogue delegate or state senator in your district, recall ballots are the way to get rid of them.
If you sit down and seriously think about it, there are more reasons to vote than to not vote. We hope that you will engage the political process and use your vote for change this election, particularly to address the environmental, energy and green issues plaguing our planet. To do so is to live green, be green.
A while back, we had a member of the community, Shahla Butler, raise some project concerns regarding our “Bag Project.” We are gearing up to launch another project and I wanted to provide responses to her concerns as a way to address any concerns that others might have. Please find the exchange below:
Shahla Butler: I am NOT in the habit of parading my credentials; since in the normal course of Garden Club activities there is no reason to do so; but in this case, I feel that I ought to tell you that I have a Ph.D., in Chemistry, from one of the top schools in the field, namely the University of Chicago. I only bring this up, so you do not write off my comments too swiftly.
There is no doubt that plastic bags are a scourge on the environment and all of us who care about the environment would like to do something meaningful to combat the pollution they are inflicting on the world.
However, I feel strongly that we should not impose another “Western Solution” on native people who have had perfectly good solutions for generations; if not millennia; as to what works in their communities and cultures. Africans have been taking goods to market, bringing water to their village and transporting objects for millennia, without resorting to either plastic, or so called “reusable” bags.
Our Response: This is such an important point you bring up because we agree that many well meaning so called ‘charitable’ (and that word itself is a problem to me) projects in developing countries have been useless and often do not involve the local people in helping figure out a solution.
The bag project started in a rural village outside of Arusha, Tanzania and was developed by an American, Lori Robinson, and a local woman, Anna.
You are perfectly correct that the African people have used baskets for carrying things for years. Unfortunately when the ” western solution” of plastic bags came along, the basket became extinct. They are rarely seen now. You are probably aware that the plastic bags they use there are a smaller, thinner version of ours and thus they tear and shred and are useless after one use. The hope for the project long term was to clean up the trash, an immediate solution that involved an educational component of why plastic litter is harmful (they burn it, throw it to the wind, and mosquitoes breed in the puddles collected in the litter) and hopefully the art of basket weaving would be revived once the bags are no longer favored. In fact Tanzania banned them from being manufactured shortly after our project started.
Shahla Butler: TRANSPORTING objects in Africa is NOT the problem to be solved. If plastic bags have become too popular it is presumably because they are cheap and easy to acquire. Collecting harmful plastic, reducing its distribution, and educating the local population about its harmful effects is the problem that needs to be addressed!
Our Response: Yes, it was not the bags per say we were concerned about. It was how they were being disposed of. They tear and are left to shred in the environment. Also they are burned because there is no local garbage pick up. The toxins from burning the trash is known to be harmful.We continue to look for ways to recycle the litter into various things and in some areas that is happening. But generally the litter is so shredded and dirty that it is difficult to reuse it.
Shahla Butler: Unfortunately, the so called “reusable bags” have their OWN problems. Not the least being that those that are made of petroleum products still emanate harmful vapors and, the plastics as well as those made of various clothes need to be laundered if they are to remain clean. There is growing evidence that reusable bags that are in frequent touch with “groceries” and are not laundered are exposing people to harmful bacteria. We would NOT be doing anyone a favor if we solve one problem by introducing another!!
Our Response: We are careful to ask for canvas totes and they are laundered. The canvas totes are loved by the women for all kinds of uses. They use them as purses, grocery totes, and children use them to carry things to and from school. They have also provided inspiration to women to make their own as canvas is a much available material there due to all the safari outfitters using it for their tents, vehicles, etc.
Shahla Butler: If the call to action in this case would be to donate $1 for every 20-30 bags collected, we would be happy to solicit, encourage and educate our Club members. Given the nature of incentives for poor folks in Kenya (and other African countries) money may be an incentive to collect and dispose of harmful plastic bags. However, exchanging an old problem with a new one, at the cost of bag (even if surplus) +$1 that does not go to recipient, but some transportation giant, and does not actually BENEFIT the recipient is not attractive. Neither is the thought of replacing today’s fashionable emergency with tomorrow’s.
Our Response: The plastic bags cost money for these women to buy and they are thrilled to have a tote. We have thought long and hard about using money instead but it felt demeaning. It is common for a thousand women to show up for each exchange and they are so excited to get the tote. Not only because it is practical and useful but it is something they are getting from someone in America. In America they are recycled. Target for instance had 2,000 beautiful new totes they were throwing out because they wanted a new design. We took those to Africa. There is a connection to the fact that we are all caring about each other and the environment.
The money collected with the totes goes to pay local people who are working with us to spread the word before a project, the coordinator on the ground for the project (people from America do not go to do the project ), to hire a truck to haul away the garbage, helpers the day of the project to load the garbage, and an interpreter to talk about litter, and to pay for extra luggage fees for travelers to Africa that we find and beg (:)) to carry the totes we have collected. $1 a tote barely covers all of that. There has never been any left over money. We are usually short of money.
We encourage everyone to share any additional project concerns that they have. Should you wish to become involved at any point, please shoot an email over to email@example.com.
Autumn is the most versatile season and presents optimal opportunities to enjoy many absolutely awesome things. By this time of year, most of us have recovered from mourning the passage of summer and are ready to embrace the best season of the year.
“I am so glad I live in a world where there are Octobers.” L.C. Montgomery from Anne of Green Gables
Autumn has great symbolic importance. In terms of agriculture, it is the time of the harvest, and symbolically it is the season when many people and entities refresh their books and set goals for the new year. Students return to school with clean slates and lofty goals. Employees return to work after vacations with plans for the next year. Even the United States government begins its new fiscal year on October 1st.
So today, we here at LGBG are happy to list 10 absolutely awesome things about Autumn.
1. Autumn colors. Mother Nature never fails to deliver a dazzling display of color during the fall season. Beautiful shades of gold, yellow, green and orange can be found in flowers, fruits, vegetables and most notably trees, sunrises and sunsets. More than any of the other seasons, Autumn is the time for nature’s ultimate showcase. Additionally, the mild fall temperatures create the perfect environment to enjoy outdoor activities.
Beautiful fall flowers
2. The best of sports. Autumn is the best season for sports– hands down– with its numerous offerings. Let’s face it, after the Super Bowl in January and the NFL draft in the spring, there generally is only prognostication about football until the fall. Autumn signals the end of talk and the beginning of play. Whether it is the NFL, college, high school or Pop Warner, football is king. We get to watch, cheer, lament and even manage teams and compete in fantasy leagues. Once considered a “man’s” sport, the NFL now boasts increased popularity among females who now comprise 46% of its fan base. 
We cannot talk about Autumn without talking about baseball. Autumn is the showcase season for baseball with the MLB postseason. After suffering through the summer’s heat and humidity with its accompanying thunderstorms and often extended rain delays, we now can sit back and enjoy the best of major league baseball. The stakes to win the World Series are high, and the competition is stiff. As one of America’s favorite pasttimes, you can expect baseball to be a favorite conversation subject all over the country. An interactive map of baseball can be found here.
Baltimore Orioles advance to American League Championship Series
Autumn also is a popular time for NHL hockey. Preseason has begun, giving teams a chance to evaluate new players and offering fans an opportunity to get a look at their favorite teams matched up with rookie and veteran players. Finally, community sports are in full swing as parents cheer on young football, soccer and field hockey players.
3. Autumn holidays and festivals. We all love holidays and festivals. They afford us a brief respite from the routines of school and work, and they give us a wonderful chance to gather with friends and relatives. Autumn is a great season for holidays, including Columbus Day, Rosh Hoshana, Yom Kippur, Halloween and Thanksgiving. Additionally, we look forward to getting out and enjoying fall festivals, such as Renaissance festivals, book festivals and health fairs.
4. Autumn sunrises and sunsets. At the beginning of Autumn, as we return to school and work, we find that we generally start our days earlier in order to reach our destinations on time. As such, we get to experience more sunrises, that is, until the beginning of eastern standard time in late October. This is a very special and exciting experience that can be summed up beautifully by a Facebook friend, Nancy Neverosi Miller:
As I left for work this morning, walking to my car in the DARK, I thought, “God the one thing I hate about Autumn is the shorter days coming.” It kinda bummed me out until as I was driving to work I realized, it’s also the only time of year I get to watch the sunrise every day on my ride to work and although today’s was not the prettiest, I know there are some great ones yet to come. It’s all perspective, find the POSITIVE!
On the flip side, once eastern standard time begins, we often will find ourselves out and about, returning from work, school or running errand, attending sports practices with our children, or simply enjoying the outdoors. This puts us front and center to enjoy sunsets, which often are dazzling light shows that paint beautiful tapestries along the hillsides and neighborhoods. Autumn sunrises and sunsets are wonders to behold and have the added bonus of providing the perfect canvas for professional and amateur photographers to capture the perfect picture.
5. The season for beer. While beer is good year around, it is during the Autumn season that we get to experience more unique and delicious craft and seasonal brews. Of course, the Octoberfest celebration is largely about beer. Also beer is a staple for any sporting event and for most celebrations with family and friends. Autumn truly is about beer. It is a great time for brewery tours and pub crawls. Beer also pairs well with most of the hearty meals we tend to eat during the autumn and winter seasons.
6. A season for spirits. Autumn also welcomes the return to hard alcoholic drinks. During the summer months, most people avoid heavy hard alcoholic beverages as they do not mix well with heat and humidity. The more popular drinks are flavored vodkas, summer tropicals and light wines. During the autumn months with its chilly evenings, we forget about the tropics and return to brown warming liquor– rye, brandy, scotch and port wines, just to name a few.
7. Pumpkin is king. Over the past few years, the popularity of pumpkin has soared. It is a very versatile fruit rich in fiber and nutrients. There are so many products on the market currently during the fall season that features pumpkin, including coffee, breads, candy, beer, etc. Pumpkin is the centerpiece of Halloween festivities.
8. Time for crafting. During the autumn season, many of us find ourselves crafting something, whether it be Halloween costumes or displays, scarecrows, etc. If you are looking for something really special and fun, try crafting a keg out of pumpkin. How’s that for building something?
9. A season for giving. Autumn is an important time for charitable giving and support. Perhaps the largest charitable effort during the fall season is the campaign for the fight against breast cancer. This is now a movement, garnering the support of many businesses, foundations, sports associations, etc. There are few, if any people, who have not been affected by breast cancer, whether personally or through family members or friends. In October, we are proud to take to the street, running, walking, and educating each other to raise funds and awareness to combat this horrible disease.
Another favorite growing movement during the Autumn season is Movember, which brings attention to prostate cancer. This is a great time for guys to grow mustaches and raise money and awareness to combat prostate cancer. Movember is an annual 30-day period where the mustache rules. Detailed information on this charity can be found here.
10. Fall fashion and style. While spring and summer seasons force us to dress down for comfort, the autumn season gives us the chance to dress with flair and creativity. One of the highlights of fall is fashion. We love shopping for dresses, skirts, tops, jackets, boots and shoes. Then we get to personalized our looks with colorful accessories, such as caps, gloves and scarves. Fall fashion is about looking good while keeping warm.
Scarves are a key part of fall fashion.
Autumn offers so much to enjoy. It is a colorful, exciting and enchanting season with many awesome things to do. There is something for everyone during this season, and we wish you the best Autumn ever.
The Autumn season marks the start, in many four-season areas of our country, of a time during which yard work becomes crucial. Often overlooked and neglected, lawn care in the fall can easily improve the condition of the grass and shrubbery, not only for the present season but for the future spring season. So while you’re all gearing up to treat your grass and landscaping, please do try to keep in mind those four legged friends that occasionally graze the yard, both wild and domesticated. And if you have children roaming the yards, working to improve your treatment methods is a no-brainer.
There are better options than automatically resorting to chemical fertilizers and other harmful practices. Read More…
Today, August 16th, marks the annual celebration of National Honey Bee Day, and we here at LGBG are proud to be a part of this observance. This year’s theme, “sustainable gardening begins with honey bees,” is very appropriate because overall beekeeping is a backyard industry. Most beekeeping activities occur in municipalities, towns and suburban areas, rather than traditional farms.
The growing popularity of backyard gardening and sustainable gardening has ushered in a greater concern for honeybees by advocates of green living. More than ever, environmentally consciousness citizens are getting involved in the effort to save honey bees. As we learn and practice sustainable gardening techniques, we better understand and appreciate the important role that honey bees play as garden pollinators. Thanks to the political actions of local gardening enthusiasts, several municipalities and townships have removed anti-beekeeping ordinances and restrictive codes.
Today, August 13th, is International Left-Handers Day, and we here at LGBG would like to salute lefties all over the world. We feel that focusing on left-handers is congruent with our belief that the most important component of sustainability involves the human factor and investment in people. As such, spotlighting left-handers helps to raise awareness of the difficulties this group of people face in activities of daily living with the lack of adaptive product design for their use. Additionally, the attention to the unique needs of lefties fosters greater consideration of the adaptive requirements of lefties by the right-handed majority population.
Virginia Gambrell graduated from Salisbury University on Maryland’s Eastern Shore in 2010, assuming she would end up with a career related to her major in Spanish. Translating documents between English and the romance language of Spanish would have been acceptable for Gambrell, but she was hardly excited at the prospect of becoming a 9-to-5 desk jockey.
“That made me really uncomfortable,” she said.
With World Cup 2014 at its peak, we would be remiss to omit mentioning the ugly business of “the beautiful game.” The truth is that The Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the international governing body of association football, futsal and beach soccer, has been embroiled in controversy for many years.
Perhaps the greatest complaint about FIFA is its failure at sustainability. When we think of sustainability, most of us consider natural systems, i.e., the environment, natural resources, energy, etc. Often, we ignore the key ingredient of sustainability, namely people or the human factor.